2013-03-17

editing with root-privileges -- once more

We've already discussed editing root-owned files here a few times; it's one of those tasks where in a reflex I still open a terminal and use vi to do the job… the only way to overcome that seems to be to make it really easy to do the same from within my running emacs:

  (defun djcb-find-file-as-root ()
  "Like `ido-find-file, but automatically edit the file with
root-privileges (using tramp/sudo), if the file is not writable by
user."
  (interactive)
  (let ((file (ido-read-file-name "Edit as root: ")))
    (unless (file-writable-p file)
      (setq file (concat "/sudo:root@localhost:" file)))
    (find-file file)))
;; or some other keybinding...
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x F") 'djcb-find-file-as-root)

We could take it one step further still – overload the normal (ido-)find-file with a version that checks the permissions first, and if needed, use the above function to open it. But maybe that is too easy; we should be careful with root-owned files after all.

9 comments:

Anonymous said...

i use a little bit complicated stuff:


(defcustom find-file-root-prefix "/sudo::"
"Tramp root prefix to use.")


(defadvice find-file-noselect
(before add-root-prefix (filename &optional nowarn rawfile wildcards))
"Add tramp prefix to filename"
(and (bound-and-true-p root-prefix)
(yes-or-no-p "Use root privileges? ")
(setq filename (concat root-prefix filename))))

(ad-activate 'find-file-noselect)

(defun find-file-as-root ()
"Find file using root privileges"
(interactive)
(let ((root-prefix find-file-root-prefix))
(call-interactively (if ido-mode 'ido-find-file 'find-file))))

(defun find-current-as-root ()
"Reopen current file as root"
(interactive)
(set-visited-file-name (concat find-file-root-prefix (buffer-file-name)))
(setq buffer-read-only nil))

(global-set-key (kbd "M-s C-x C-f") 'find-file-as-root)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-s C-x C-v") 'find-current-as-root)

// see https://github.com/a13/emacs.d/blob/master/lib/mine.el

Joseph Mingrone said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Joseph Mingrone said...

Awesome; thanks!

Arne Babenhauserheide said...

I have the same reflex, though with nano instead of vi.

Let’s see if your code helps me overcome it. Thanks a lot!

Arne Babenhauserheide said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Steve Walker said...

I run into the same problem all the time and end up reverting to vi. Using your idea I came up with this which I will try to stick to using.

(defun stw-find-file-as-root ()
(interactive)
(find-file (concat "/sudo::" (buffer-file-name))))

Thanks for the idea!

David said...

Even if you're on a terminal there's no reason to use vi. I use a simple alias

alias E='sudo -e'

Of course your $EDITOR variable has to be pointing to emacslient, but I'm sure it is already...

C. Baxter said...

Thanks Anonymous of "a little bit complicated stuff". Great idea. I've copied it over to .emacs.

Vicho said...

I use "sudoedit". As David pointed out in a previous comment, if your $VISUAL and $EDITOR are set to emacsclient -t and -c respectively, it works beautifully.